Seeing blood in the sink after brushing your teeth is no reason to panic, but if this is a regular occurrence, you may need professional treatment for periodontal disease. At Rene Horvilleur, DDS, in the Midtown East neighborhood of, New York City, a team of experts can figure out why your gums are bleeding and how to best treat it. For more information, call Rene Horvilleur, DDS, or book an appointment online.
Why are my gums bleeding?
If your gums bleed easily, you could be brushing your teeth too aggressively, or the problem might stem from a more serious dental issue, like gum disease. The most common reasons for bleeding gums are:
Brushing your teeth too aggressively can irritate them to the point that they may bleed. You may also want to examine your toothbrush. If you have sensitive gums, a soft-bristled toothbrush can help prevent irritation.
If you don’t floss regularly, it’s perfectly normal for your gums to bleed when you start. This should subside when your gums get used to the habit.
Anti-seizure medications, certain cancer treatments, blood thinners, and other medications can cause dry mouth and gum inflammation, often leading to bleeding gums.
Many women experience gum inflammation and bleeding during pregnancy, as hormonal changes make your gums more sensitive to plaque and bacteria. However, these changes should subside after birth.
When your dentures don’t fit perfectly, they irritate your gums over time, causing gum inflammation and bleeding.
Bleeding gums are a telltale sign of gum disease, also known as periodontal disease. When left untreated, this disease can cause your gums to recede and lead to tooth loss.
What is gum disease?
Gum disease is a buildup of plaque and bacteria that causes gum inflammation, receding gums, bleeding gums, tooth loss, and more. There are two main types:
In its early stages, gingivitis causes gum inflammation and bleeding while brushing. Fortunately, the disease is still reversible at this point, as your teeth are still firmly in their sockets. Simple changes to your oral health habits and routine dental cleanings at Rene Horvilleur, DDS, can help reverse the damage and improve your dental health.
When left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis — also known as advanced gum disease. At this stage, plaque and bacteria have penetrated below the gum line. When this happens, plaque forms small pockets of bacteria that fester and releases harmful toxins, which can ultimately causes your gums to pull away from your teeth.
How is periodontitis treated?
The most common periodontitis treatment is scaling and root planing, a process in which the Rene Horvilleur, DDS, team cleans out the pockets of plaque below the gum line. Once the pockets of plaque and bacteria are completely eliminated, the team smooths out your tooth roots to help them reattach to your gums.
This treatment not only removes any signs of gum disease, it also helps prevent future plaque buildup. To learn more about the best gum disease treatments for you, call Rene Horvilleur, DDS, or schedule an appointment online.